Biomimetics and Biomimicry in Engineering


(if you cannot find one of these papers, get in touch for a copy)


Torres-Sanchez C., Perez-Lopez A.M., Alqahtani M. N., Unciti-Broceta A., Rubio-Ruiz B., ‘Design and manufacture of functional catalyst-carrier structures for the bioorthogonal activation of anticancer agents’, New Journal of Chemistry, 2019, 43, pp 1449-1458. DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ05704D

Torres-Sanchez C., Haghihi-Abayneh M., Conway P.P., ‘Magnetic-Assisted Alignment of Reinforcing Functionalized-Fibers in a Composite for Lightweight Structures’, Proceedings from the ASME 2018 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1: Development and Characterization of Multifunctional Materials; Modeling, Simulation, and Control of Adaptive Systems; Integrated System Design and Implementation, 7 pages, San Antonio, Texas, USA, September 10–12, 2018, DOI: 10.1115/SMASIS2018-7911

Torres-Sanchez C., McLaughlin J., Bonallo R., ‘Effect of Pore Size, Morphology and Orientation on the Bulk Stiffness of a Porous Ti35Nb4Sn Alloy’, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 2018, pp 1-11. DOI: Free preview here

Torres-Sanchez C., McLaughlin J., Fotticchia A., ‘Porosity and pore size effect on the properties of sintered Ti-35Nb-4Sn alloy scaffolds and their suitability for tissue engineering applications’, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 2018, 731, pp 189-199. DOI: Free preview here

Torres-Sanchez C., Al Mushref F.A., Norrito M., Yendall K., Liu Y., Conway PP., ‘The effect of pore size and porosity on mechanical properties and biological response of porous titanium scaffolds’, Materials Science & Engineering C, 2017, 77, pp 219-228. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2017.03.249

Barlow E., Bradley A.M., Mulholland A.J., Torres-Sanchez C.,’A weak-inertia mathematical model of bubble growth in a polymer foam’, Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, 2017, 244, p. 1-14. DOI: 10.1016/j.jnnfm.2017.03.008

Torres-Sánchez C.,Balodimos N., ‘Effective and environmental lubrication protocol using nanodiamonds in a dry regime for conveyor systems in the beverage industry’, Packaging Technology and Science, 2017, 30 (5), p. 209-218, DOI: 10.1002/pts.2294

Torres-Sánchez C., Balodimos N., ‘Development of a nanodiamond-based lubricant for a versatile use in the beverage industry conveyor systems’, Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, 2017, 69 (5), p.723-729, DOI: 10.1108/ILT-02-2016-0022 e-prints available here

Hillman S.J., Hollington J., Crossan N., Torres-Sanchez C., “Correlation of ISO 16840-2:2007 impact damping and hysteresis measures for a sample of wheelchair seating cushions”, Assistive Technology, 2017, p.1-7, DOI: 10.1080/10400435.2016.1261963. e-prints available here

Torres-Sánchez C., Huang C., Steel G., “Optimization of assembly instructions for a low-cost housing solution”, Information Design Journal, 2016, 22 (1), p.32-48, DOI: 10.175/idj.22.1.04tor

Weiss J.T., Dawson J.C., Fraser C., Rybski W., Torres-Sánchez C., Bradley M., Patton E.E., Carragher N.O., Unciti-Broceta A., “Development and bioorthogonal activation of palladium-labile prodrugs of gemcitabine”, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2014, 57 (12), p.5395-5404. DOI: 10.1021/jm500531z

Weiss J.T., Dawson J.C., Macleod K.G., Rybski W., Fraser C., Torres-Sanchez C., Patton E.E., Bradley M., Carragher N.O., Unciti-Broceta A., “Extracellular palladium-catalysed dealkylation of 5-fluoro-1-propargyl-uracil as a bioorthogonally activated prodrug approach”, Nature Communications, 2014, 5 (no. 3277), DOI:10.1038/ncomms4277. Open access here

Hollington J., Hillman S.J., Torres-Sanchez C., Boeckx J., Crossan N., “ISO 16840-2:2007 load deflection and hysteresis measurements for a sample of wheelchair seating cushions”, Medical Engineering & Physics, 2014, 36 (4), p.509–515. DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2013.10.010  pdfMedEngPhy_2013_ISO16840-22007_Hollington

Torres-Sánchez C., Corney J.R., “A Novel Manufacturing Strategy for Bio-Inspired Cellular Structures”, International Journal of Design Engineering, special issue “Design in nature“, 2011, 4 (1), pp.5–22. DOI: 10.1504/IJDE.2011.041406. pdf: IJDE040101 TORRES-SANCHEZ

Torres-Sánchez C., Corney J.R., “Morphological and biological characterization of density engineered foams fabricated by ultrasonic sonication”, Journal of Materials Science, 2011, 46, p.490-499. DOI: 10.1007/s10853-010-4944-z pdf: JMatSci_manuscript_figuresend_CTS_revised_authorscopy

Torres-Sánchez C., Corney J.R., “Manufacture of graded porosity foams: Simulation of local ultrasonic pressure and comparison with experimental results”, Proceedings of the 20th International Congress on Acoustics ICA 2010, 23-27 August, Sydney, Australia,   pdf: ICA2010_Manufacture_graded_porosity_foams_CTS_refereed

Corney J.R., Torres-Sánchez C., Jagadeesan P., Regli W., “Putting the crowd to work in the knowledge-based factory”, the Advanced Engineering Informatics Journal, special issue on the Cognitive Factory, 2010, 24(3), p. 243-250, DOI:10.1016/j.aei.2010.05.011. Link to journal.

Corney J.R., Torres-Sánchez C., Jagadeesan P., Regli W., “Outsourcing labour to the Cloud”, International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, 2009, 4(4), p. 294-313. Link to Journal pdf:IntJInnovationSustDevlp_Crowdsourcing_Torres-Sanchez

Torres-Sanchez C., Corney J.R., “Porosity tailoring mechanisms in sonicated polymeric foams”, the IOP Journal of Smart Materials and Structures, 2009, 18, p.104001-104009. DOI: 0.1088/0964-1726/18/10/104001 (Featured article of the issue) Link to Journal pdf: SMS09_Mechanism_porosity_tailoring_Torres-Sanchez

Torres-Sanchez C., Corney J.R., “Toward Functionally Graded Cellular Microstructures”, ASME Journal of Mechanical Design, 2009, vol. 131, issue 9, p. 91011-91017, DOI: 10.1115/1.3158985. Link to Journal pdf: JMechDesign_09_Porosity_tailoring_Torres-Sanchez

Torres-Sanchez C., Corney J.R., “Identification of formation stages via electrical resistivity measurements in a polymeric foam customised by sonication”, Journal of Polymer Research, 2009, vol. 16, issue 5, p. 461-470. DOI: 10.1007/s10965-008-9249-4. Link to journal pdf:JPolymerResearch_09_Conductivity_Torres-Sanchez

Torres-Sánchez C. and Corney J.R, “Effects of ultrasound on polymeric foam porosity”, Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 2008, 15, p. 408-415. ISSN: 1350-4177. DOI:10.1016/j.ultsonch.2007.05.002. Link to Journal pdf:US_08_Effects_US_foam_porosity_Torres-Sanchez

Lim T, Medellin H, Torres-Sánchez C., Corney J.R, Ritchie J.M. and Davies J.B.C, “Edge-based  identification of DP-features on Free-Form solids (Object Modelling)”, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, 2005, 27 (6), p. 851-860. ISSN: 0162-8828


Holt J., Torres-Sánchez C., Conway PP, “3D Acoustic-Structure Interaction of Ultrasound in Fluids for the Manufacture of Graded Materials”, COMSOL Conference 2017, 18th – 20th October 2017, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

Torres-Sánchez C., Alqahtani M., Perez-López A., Unciti-Broceta A., “Design and manufacture of engineered multifunctional structures for the benign bioactivation of cytotoxic agents for highly localized cancer treatment” EUROMAT 2017, Session F ‘Biomaterials for Therapeutic Delivery’, 17th -22nd September 2017, Thessaloniki (Greece)

Al Mushref F.A., Torres-Sánchez C., “The effect of microstructure on the mechanical properties of titanium scaffolds”, FEMS Junior EUROMAT, 10th-14th July 2016, Lausanne (Switzerland)

Palmer D.J., Torres-Sánchez C., “‘The Transition Zone’: a unique approach to the development of postgraduate researchers”, ARMA (Association of research managers and Administrators) Conference, 6th to 8th June 2016, Birmingham, UK

Symeonidis S, Torres-Sánchez C, Panagamuwa C, Whittow WG, “An implanted antenna system for the monitoring of bioresorbability of a biocompatible scaffold embedded into a bone fracture”, 5th EAI International Conference on Wireless Mobile Communication and Healthcare (MobiHealth), “Transforming healthcare through innovations in mobile and wireless technologies”, 14th– 16th October 2015, London (UK)

Bryce JH, Goodfellow V, Harper AJ, Simpson SA, Torres-Sanchez C., “The effect of water uptake on quality of barley malt for distilling”, Worldwide Distilled Spirits Conference, 8th-11th Sept 2014, Glasgow, Scotland.

Brook-Smith S, Robson M, Johnson N, Lam A, Leonard M, Torres-Sanchez C, Desmulliez M, Denison FC, “Development and rapid prototyping of an illuminated mirror for waterbirths – from concept to prototype”, Perinatal Medicine 2014, 9th – 11th June 2014, Harrogate International Centre, PERINATAL 2014

Hillman S., Hollington J., Boeckx J., Crossan N., Torres-Sanchez C., “Clinical Interpretation of ISO16840-2. Measurements for Wheelchair Seating Cushions”, Posture and Mobility Group (PMG) National Training Event, 11th – 13th April 2012, University Of Warwick, Coventry, U. pdf: PMG 2012

Torres-Sánchez C., “Crowdsourcing: Cuando internet trabaja para tí”, Jornadas Imaginática (ICT) 2011, 8th – 11th March 2011, Sevilla, Spain (invited lecture). abstract: Imaginatica2011_Crowdsourcing_abstract

Torres-Sánchez C., Drake R, Morton R., “Lessons from India: Bamboo as a solution for low-cost housing”, the EWB-UK National Research and Education Conference 2011, ‘Our Global Future’, 4th March 2011, Royal Academy of Engineering, London. pdf: EWB Research Conference 2011

Jagadeesan P., Wenzel J., Corney J.R., Yan X.T., Sherlock A., Torres-Sanchez C., Regli W., “Fast Human Classification of 3D Object Benchmarks”, 3rd Eurographics Workshop in 3D Object Retrieval, 2nd May 2010, Norrköping, Sweden.

Corney J.R, Lynn A., Torres-Sánchez C., Di Maio P., Regli W.C., Forbes G., Tobin L., “Towards Crowdsourcing translation tasks in library cataloguing”, IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technology (DEST), Special Track on  “Web Based Harnessing of Human Collective Intelligence”, 12-15 April 2010, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Leake G., Toole K., Divis P., Torres-Sanchez C., “Bamboo as a solution for low-cost housing and storage in Papal (India)”, the Engineers Without Borders-UK Research Conference “From small steps to giant leaps. Putting research into practice”, in partnership with the Royal Academy of Engineering, 19th February 2010, London, UK. pdf:Bamboo_structural_material_Strathclyde_EWBConf_Jan10

Jagadeesan P., Wenzel J., Corney J.R., Yan X.T., Sherlock A., Torres-Sanchez C., Regli W., “Geometric Reasoning via Internet CrowdSourcing”,  2009 SIAM/ACM Joint Conference on Geometric and Physical Modeling, 5th – 8th October, San Francisco, California, CA.

Jagadeesan P., Wenzel J., Corney J.R., Yan X.T., Sherlock A., Torres-Sanchez C., Regli W., “Towards Content-based Indexing of 3D CAD data with Internet Crowdsourcing”, PLM 09, 6th International Conference on Product Lifecycle Management, 6th -8th July 2009, Bath, UK.

Torres-Sanchez C., Corney J.R., “Simulation of the Acoustic Environment for the Manufacture of Graded Porosity Materials by Sonication”, Proceedings of the COMSOL Conference, 4th – 6th November 2008, Hannover, Germany, ISBN: 978-0-9766792-3-3, COMSOL AB.

Torres-Sanchez C., Corney J.R., “Towards Functionally Graded Cellular Microstructures”, SMASIS2008-414, Procs of the ASME Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptative Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS2008, 28th – 30th October 2008, Ellicott City, Maryland, USA, ASME Publications, vol.1, p.45-53, ISBN: 978-0-7918-3839-6

Torres-Sánchez C. and Corney J.R, “Porosity engineering of polymeric foams by localised sonication”, in Proceedings of the 19th International Congress on Acoustics (ICA 2007), p.384, ISBN: 84-87985-12-2 pdf:ICA2007_Porosity engineering of polymeric foams by localised sonication_Torres-Sanchez

Torres-Sánchez C, Corney J.R. and Clark, D.E.R, “CAD representations and CAM methods for porous ceramic materials”, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Porous Ceramic Materials (PCM 2005), p.25-33, ISBN: 90-5857-006-1

Torres-Sánchez C, Corney J.R and Lim T, “Manufacture of Heterogeneous materials with variable porosity: an application of sonochemistry in porous ceramic materials”, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Porous Ceramic Materials (PCM 2005), p.50, ISBN: 90-5857-006-1

Torres-Sánchez C, Corney J.R, Lim T, and Clark, D.E.R, “A survey of CAD representations and CAM methods for heterogeneous materials”, for the MC7 Conference: Functional Materials for the 21st Century, by the Royal Society of Chemistry, Edinburgh, 5-8 July 2005, UK.

Torres-Sánchez C, Corney J.R and Clark, D.E.R, (Invited) “Generation of controlled porous structures by sonication”, in the workshop Proceedings of the International Workshops on Interfaces: Interfaces by Design, organised by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA, p.76, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 2005.


Torres-Sánchez C., “Generation of heterogeneous cellular structures by sonication”, PhD Thesis, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, 2008.

Torres-Sanchez C., “Experiences of International teaching staff in UK Higher Education Institutions”, C-SAP Newsletter article, Higher Education Academy publications, (in press)

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